Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Türkei und Griechenland

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Article ID EUK2885
Artist Westermann
Title Türkei und Griechenland
Year ca. 1866
Description Map shows total Greece and the Baltic states.
Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization,[a] being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as polis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, wherein the Greek language and culture were dominant. The Greek Orthodox Church also shaped modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World. The Roman Empire in the east, following the fall of the Empire in the west in the 5th century, is conventionally known as the Byzantine and lasted until 1453. With its capital in Constantinople, its language and literary culture was Greek. In the 14th century, much of the Greek peninsula was lost by the Byzantine Empire at first to the Serbs and then to the Ottomans. By the beginning of the 15th century, the Ottoman advance meant that Byzantine territory in Greece was limited mainly to its then-largest city, Thessaloniki, and the Peloponnese. While most of mainland Greece and the Aegean islands was under Ottoman control by the end of the 15th century, Cyprus and Crete remained Venetian territory and did not fall to the Ottomans until 1571 and 1670 respectively. The only part of the Greek-speaking world that escaped long-term Ottoman rule was the Ionian Islands, which remained Venetian until their capture by the First French Republic ( Napoleon) in 1797, then passed to the United Kingdom in 1809 until their unification with Greece in 1864.
Place of Publication Braunschweig
Dimensions (cm)28 x 25
ConditionVery good
Coloringcolored
TechniqueChromo Lithography

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