Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

No. 7 Castel Sant’Angelo – Corfú

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Article ID EUK4412
Artist Lear (1812-1888)
Edward Lear ( 1812- 1888) was an English artist, illustrator, musician, author and poet, now known mostly for his literary nonsense in poetry and prose and especially his limericks, a form he popularised. His principal areas of work as an artist were threefold: as a draughtsman employed to illustrate birds and animals; making coloured drawings during his journeys, which he reworked later, sometimes as plates for his travel books; as a (minor) illustrator of Alfred, Lord Tennyson's poems. As an author, he is known principally for his popular nonsense collections of poems, songs, short stories, botanical drawings, recipes and alphabets. He also composed and published twelve musical settings of Tennyson's poetry. In 1842 Lear began a journey into the Italian peninsula, travelling through the Lazio, Rome, Abruzzo, Molise, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, and Sicily. In personal notes, together with drawings, Lear gathered his impressions on the Italian way of life, folk traditions, and the beauty of the ancient monuments.In 1848 he journeyed to Greek lands for the first time. He enthusiastically aimed to depict the authentic physiognomy of the country. He bequeathed us hundreds of Greek landscapes painted in his unique style, and equally impressive, thoroughly detailed diaries and letters on his life in Greece. In Corfu, Edward Lear hired Giorgos Kokkalis as his servant. Kokkalis was Lear’s personal assistant and travel companion for the next thirty years. Lear learned Greek and was acquainted with the British circles of the Ionian islands, albeit only for professional reasons.
Title No. 7 Castel Sant’Angelo – Corfú
Year ca. 1863
Description View shows the fortress Angelokastro on the Greek island of Corfu in the Ionian Sea. 
From " Views in the Seven Ionian Islands, by Edward Lear.  Lithography,  published in 1863 by the Artist, Oldham/London, Hugh Broadbent (1863/1979).   Published from Day & Son. Lith to Queen  
Greek settlers from Eretria founded in the 8th century BC. A first colony. From 395 onwards, Corfu belonged to the Eastern Roman Empire. The island was conquered by the Saracens and in the 11th century by the Norman Duke Robert Guiscard. As a result of the 4th crusade, Corfu came under the rule of the despot of Epiros after 1204. As the dowry of Helena of Epirus, the island had been in Manfred's possession in Sicily in 1258. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, Corfu's history was marked by conflicts with the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over mainland Greece and repeatedly tried to conquer and hold the Ionian Islands. The Venetians (Republic of Venice) ordered the removal of the vineyards and the planting of olive trees. In 1716, the Ottoman siege of the island's capital was lifted by the Venetian army under Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg and the last attempt to conquer the island was finally repelled. After the end of the Republic of Venice in 1797, France (under Napoleon) took possession of the Ionian Islands and Corfu as the Corcyre department. For a short time, from 1798 to 1807, Corfu was a Russian protectorate. This was followed by another French period until 1814. In 1815 (Congress of Vienna), Corfu became part of the Republic of the Ionian Islands under British protectorate.
Place of Publication London
Dimensions (cm)26,5 x 37 cm
ConditionPerfect condition
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueLithography

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