Des Russischen Reiches Statthalterschaften Neurussland, Asow und das östliche Nogay

  • Translation

Article ID EUO2289

Title

Des Russischen Reiches Statthalterschaften Neurussland, Asow und das östliche Nogay

Description

Map shows the southwestern part of Russia with the peninsula Krim and partly Ukraine

Year

ca. 1790

Artist

Reilly (1766-1820)

Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly (1766 - 1820) Vienna. He was an Austrian and produced over 830 maps for his great atlas project, -Schauplatz der funf Theile der Welt- between the years 1789 and 1806. Of these 830 maps published over this time span of seventeen years, he 'showcased' but one part of the world, Europe. Maps of the other four continents remained unpublished. The maps of the Schauplatz ...were drawn to a uniform criteria. Reilly's Grosser deutscher Atlas was also notable as the first completely 'Austrian' atlas. This large world atlas, containing relatively few maps, was issued between 1794 and the end of 1796. Reilly may have used Franz Anton Schraembl's work as his model, at least in part.

Historical Description

Neanderthal settlement in Ukraine is seen in the Molodova archaeological sites, which include a mammoth bone dwelling. The territory is also considered to be the likely location for the human domestication of the horse. In the mid-14th century, upon the death of Bolesław Jerzy II of Mazovia, king Casimir III of Poland initiated campaigns (1340–1366) to take Galicia-Volhynia. Meanwhile, the heartland of Rus', including Kiev, became the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, ruled by Gediminas and his successors, after the Battle on the Irpen' River. In 1648, Bohdan Khmelnytsky and Petro Doroshenko led the largest of the Cossack uprisings against the Commonwealth and the Polish king John II Casimir. After Khmelnytsky made an entry into Kiev in 1648, where he was hailed liberator of the people from Polish captivity, he founded the Cossack Hetmanate which existed until 1764. In 1657–1686 came "The Ruin", a devastating 30-year war amongst Russia, Poland, Turks and Cossacks for control of Ukraine. In 1709, Cossack Hetman Ivan Mazepa (1639–1709) defected to Sweden against Russia in the Great Northern War (1700–1721). Lithuanians and Poles controlled vast estates in Ukraine, and were a law unto themselves. After the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Empire in 1783, New Russia was settled by Ukrainians and Russians.

Place of Publication Vienna
Dimensions (cm)20,5 x 27
ConditionVery good
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueCopper print

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