Tafel der Lender/ darin der Apostel Paulus geprediget hat

  • Translation

Article ID EUX2598


Tafel der Lender/ darin der Apostel Paulus geprediget hat


Map shows the eastern Mediterranean sea with north Africa, Turkey, Greece, Cyprus and south Italy


ca. 1580


Bünting (1545-1606)

Heinrich Bünting (1545 – 1606) was a Protestant pastor and theologian. He is best known for his book of woodcut maps titled Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae (Travel book through Holy Scripture) first published in 1581. Bünting was born in Hannover, Germany, in 1545. He studied theology at the University of Wittenberg graduating in 1569 and became a Protestant pastor in Lemgo. He was dismissed in 1575 and moved to Gronau an der Leine. In 1591 he was appointed superintendent in Goslar. When a dispute arose over his teachings in 1600 he was dismissed and retired from the ministry. He spent the rest of his life as a private citizen in Hannover. His book of woodcut maps, Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae, first published in Magdeburg in 1581, was a very popular book in its day. It was reprinted and translated several times. The book provided the most complete summary of biblical geography available and described the Holy Land by following the travels of various notable people from the Old and New Testaments. In addition to conventional maps, the book also contained three figurative maps; the world depicted using a cloverleaf design thought to possibly represent the Trinity with Jerusalem in the center, Europe in the form of a crowned and robed woman, and Asia as the winged horse Pegasus.

Historical Description

Numerous paleoanthropological finds, for example from the Arago cave near Perpignan, prove that Homo erectus already lived in the Mediterranean. In the period of several hundred thousand years, the polar ice caps repeatedly expanded, glaciers covered the high mountains during the ice ages. The sea level was therefore temporarily up to 150 meters below today's level. The Strait of Gibraltar temporarily closed. The Stone Age replaced the Stone Age in different regions. Copper spreads first, then bronze. Spain, rich in metals, began around 2300 BC. The Bronze Age (El Argar culture). Numerous fortified settlements were created. The first states emerged with the Pharaoh dynasties around 3000 BC. BC in Egypt. Almost simultaneously, the first city-states were formed on the Levant and Aegean coasts. The great empires of the early days of Assyria, Babylonia and the Hittites - temporarily expanded into the Mediterranean area. Since the archaic period, i.e. from 800 BC BC, ancient Greece also emerged as a trading power and increasingly created competition for the Phoenicians. The Greeks settled as far as the Rhône (Massilia) and the Crimea and set up offices and factories as far as Egypt. Tuscany was the settlement area of the Etruscans, who also controlled the rich iron deposits of Elba. This culture developed from the local Villanova culture, later under strong Greek and Syrian ("oriental") influence. In Rome, the founding of Rome began with the slow but steady rise of the Romans, which began around 500 BC. BC finally emancipated from the Etruscans and founded the republic. The south of the Apennine Peninsula was characterized by the Greek colonies ("Magna Graecia"). At the same time, the Persian empire extended to Egypt and the Bosphorus, subjugating the Phoenicians and the Egyptians. The period of great Persian expansion coincided with the blossoming of Greece, which was able to ward off the Persian invasions in several battles. While the Greeks colonized large parts of the northern Mediterranean coast, the Phoenicians - after (Tire) had lost their independence - built Carthage in North Africa as a new power base and also established commercial branches in Spain (Cadiz), Morocco, Corsica and Sardinia. Sicily was contested between the great powers at that time because of its rich resources and location. In late antiquity, the slow Christianization of the Roman state began, which should have far-reaching consequences, such as the rejection of paganism. The late Middle Ages were characterized by a sustained upswing in the Italian area. Especially the Republic of Venice. The most important naval powers of the early modern period continued to be Venice and Genoa, which dominated trade with the Arab world and thus to Southeast Asia. They also had numerous colonies in the eastern Mediterranean. The War of the Spanish Succession brought about a reorganization of the western and central Mediterranean region in 1713. The French expansion was initially stopped, Spain was reduced to the mainland and the Balearic Islands and the Italian area was redistributed among the rulers. The winner was above all the Habsburg-Austrian line, which also won southern Italy, Sicily, Sardinia and Milan. However, this situation did not last long: the Spanish-Bourbon royal family soon regained control of the Italian territory. Most of the Maghreb were now ruled by Berber tribes, which were beyond the control of the Ottoman Empire but neglected the economy. Morocco and Algeria were marginalized economically, which invited the Spaniards to invasions. The Ceuta and Melilla bases are still under Spanish control.

Place of Publication Hanover
Dimensions (cm)30 x 37,5
ConditionRight and left margin perfectly replaced
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueWood engraving


375.00 €

( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )