Straßburg der fürnemmen un in aller Welt weitbekanndten Statt wahre Abcontrafactur.

  • Translation

Article ID EUF1496

Title

Straßburg der fürnemmen un in aller Welt weitbekanndten Statt wahre Abcontrafactur.

Description

Total view of Strasbourg of 1588

Year

ca. 1590

Artist

Münster (1489-1552)

Sebastian Münsters (1489-1552) is one of the famous cosmographers of the Renaissance. Its real importance in the field of cartography is based on its famous cosmography, which he published in 1544 with 24 double-sided maps (including Moscow and Transylvania). The material for this came largely from research and the collection of information from around 1528, which he initially only wanted to use for a description of Germany, but was now sufficient for a map of the entire world and ultimately led to a cosmography. He constantly tried to improve this work, i.e. to replace or add to maps. In the edition of 1550, only 14 maps were taken over from the earlier editions. The 52 maps printed in the text were also only partially based on the old maps. The great success of this cosmography was also based on the precise work of the woodcuts mostly by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Deutsch and David Kandel. It was the first scientific and at the same time generally understandable description of the knowledge of the world in German, in which the basics of history and geography, astronomy and natural sciences, regional and folklore were summarized according to the state of knowledge at that time. Cosmography is the science of describing the earth and the universe. Until the late Middle Ages, geography, geology and astronomy were also part of it. The first edition of the Cosmographia took place in 1544 in German, printed in Heinrich Petri's office in Basel. Heinrich Petri was a son from the first marriage of Münster's wife to the Basel printer Adam Petri. Over half of all editions up to 1628 were also published in German. However, the work has also been published in Latin, French, Czech and Italian. The English editions all comprised only a part of the complete work. Viktor Hantzsch identified a total of 46 editions in 1898 (German 27; Latin 8; French 3; Italian 3; Czech 1) that appeared from 1544 to 1650, while Karl Heinz Burmeister only had 36 (German 21; Latin 5; French 6; Italian 3; Czech 1) that appeared between 1544 and 1628. The first edition from 1544 was followed by the second edition in 1545, the third in 1546, the fourth edition in 1548 and the fifth edition in 1550, each supplemented by new reports and details, text images, city views and maps and revised altogether. Little has been known about who - apart from the book printers Heinrich Petri and Sebastian Henricpetri - were responsible for the new editions after Münster's death. The 1628 edition was edited and expanded by the Basel theologian Wolfgang Meyer. With Cosmographia, Sebastian Münster has published for the first time a joint work by learned historians and artists, by publishers, wood cutters and engravers. The numerous vedute are usually made as woodcuts. Sebastian Münster obtained his knowledge from the travel reports and stories of various scholars, geographers, cartographers and sea travelers. Long after his death, "Kosmographie" was still a popular work with large editions: 27 German, 8 Latin, 3 French, 4 English and even 1 Czech editions appeared. The last edition appeared in Basel in 1650.

Historical Description

In the Middle Ages Strasbourg belonged to the Holy Roman Empire. The Müllenheim family and the Zorn family were the most important patrician families of Strasbourg at that time, whose rivalry for supremacy in the imperial city (1262 to 1681) was fought out in veritable street battles. Under the reign of these families, Strasbourg developed into one of the most important economic centers of the region. The climax of the violent confrontation between the Müllenheim and Zorn families was the so-called "Geschell der Müllenheim und Zorn" in 1332. as a result of which the city nobility was overthrown, because the real winners of this fight were the guilds. They ruled in the Fünfzehnerwörth (Fifteenth Council), which dealt mainly with the affairs of the guilds, crafts, trades and commerce. Thus, Strasbourg as a free city was one of the first small republics in the Holy Roman Empire. After the invention of printing in Europe by Johannes Gutenberg, Strasbourg quickly became an important center of book production. Strasbourg's printers made a significant contribution to the spread of the Reformation, as the city's extensive religious tolerance meant that writings by Martin Luther and other reformers could be published here early on. One third of the writings printed in the 16th century were Bibles or excerpts from them. In 1605, Johann Carolus published the news journal Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien here, which is considered the first printed newspaper in the world.

Place of Publication Basle
Dimensions (cm)26 x 39
ConditionVery good
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueWoodcut

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