Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Puteoli, Aspectus proeclarus

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Article ID EUI2048
Artist Aa, van der (1695-1733)
Pieter van der Aa ( 1659 - 1733) was a Dutch publisher best known for preparing maps and atlases, though he also printed pirated editions of foreign bestsellers and illustrated volumes. He also printed many maps that were often out of print, which he reissued. Some of his most popular maps were of the African continent, detailing locations such as Morocco and Madagascar. Many of his later works were printed for the general public in French and Dutch. Pieter van der Aa began his career at Leiden in 1683 as a Latin trade publisher, publishing classical texts pertaining to medicine and science. As he progressed, he began to publish atlases and maps, compiling numerous multi-volume collections of works. His ambition to become Leiden's most famous printer was fulfilled in 1715 with his appointment to head printer for the city and its university. One of Pieter van der Aa's largest compilations relates to the history of Italy and Sicily, an area of immense personal interest. Though he took credit for many of his compilations, several, such as the Dutch collection of travels to the East and West Indies, were admittedly simple improvements to others' works.
Title Puteoli, Aspectus proeclarus
Year ca. 1729
Description Map shows the city of Puzzuoli at the Golf of Naples.
Around 400 BC The area around Milan was settled by the Celtic Insubrians. 222 BC The Romans conquered this settlement and used the Latin name Mediolanum. After several centuries of Roman rule, Milan was declared the capital of the Western Roman Empire in 286 by Emperor Diocletian. In 402 the city was besieged by the Visigoths (after which the imperial residence was moved to Ravenna), 50 years later (452) the city was taken by the Huns. In 539 the Ostrogoths conquered and destroyed Milan during the so-called Gothic War against Emperor Justinian. In 569 Milan fell to the Lombards until it became part of the Frankish Empire in 774. Milan assumed the leading role in the Lombardy League of Cities founded in 1167. After independence, which was granted to the Lombard cities in the Peace of Constance in 1183, Milan developed into Signoria, first under the della Torre, from 1277 under the Visconti. In 1395 Gian Galeazzo Visconti became the first Duke of Milan. In 1450, Milan fell to the Sforza family, who built it into one of the leading cities in the era of the Italian Renaissance. In 1492 the French King Louis XII. first claims to the duchy. After his victory over the Swiss in 1515 in the Battle of Marignano, the duchy was again awarded to France's King Francis I. After Charles V's victory over Francis I in 1525, Milan fell to the House of Habsburg along with northern Italy. In 1714, in the Peace of Rastatt, Lombardy with its capital Milan and the Duchy of Mantua were formally assigned to the Austrian Habsburgs. Napoleon conquered Lombardy in 1796. Milan was declared the capital of the Cisalpine Republic. After the end of the occupation by Napoleon, Milan and Lombardy, as well as Veneto, were again awarded to Austria in the Congress of Vienna in 1815. After Austria's defeat against the French-allied troops of Sardinia-Piedmont and France at the Battle of Solferino, the whole of Lombardy fell to the House of Sardinia-Piedmont in 1859 under Victor Emanuel II, the nucleus of the then emerging Kingdom of Italy. One of the rare testimonies from the time of the Roman Empire are the ancient ruins of the Colonne di San Lorenzo.
Place of Publication Leiden
Dimensions (cm)27 x 34
ConditionVery good
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueCopper print

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