Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Portugalia et Algarbia quae olim Lusitania

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Article ID EUE1814
Artist Janssonius (1588-1664)
Johannes Janssonius (Jansson)( 1588- 1664) Amsterdam, was born in Arnhem, the son of Jan Janszoon the Elder, a publisher and bookseller. In 1612 he married Elisabeth de Hondt, the daughter of Jodocus Hondius. He produced his first maps in 1616 of France and Italy. In 1623 Janssonius owned a bookstore in Frankfurt am Main, later also in Danzig, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Berlin, Königsberg, Geneva and Lyon. In the 1630s he formed a partnership with his brother in law Henricus Hondius, and together they published atlases as Mercator/Hondius/Janssonius. Under the leadership of Janssonius the Hondius Atlas was steadily enlarged. Renamed Atlas Novus, it had three volumes in 1638, one fully dedicated to Italy. 1646 a fourth volume came out with ""English County Maps"", a year after a similar issue by Willem Blaeu. Janssonius' maps are similar to those of Blaeu, and he is often accused of copying from his rival, but many of his maps predate those of Blaeu and/or covered different regions. By 1660, at which point the atlas bore the appropriate name ""Atlas Major"", there were 11 volumes, containing the work of about a hundred credited authors and engravers. It included a description of ""most of the cities of the world"" (Townatlas), of the waterworld (Atlas Maritimus in 33 maps), and of the Ancient World (60 maps). The eleventh volume was the Atlas of the Heavens by Andreas Cellarius. Editions were printed in Dutch, Latin, French, and a few times in German.
Title Portugalia et Algarbia quae olim Lusitania
Year ca. 1735
Description Map shows the whole of Portugal with magnificent cartouches, depictions of ships, the sea god Poseidon and two coats of arms.
It is estimated that Portugal was settled 500,000 years ago. In 711 a Berber army led by Tariq ibn Ziyad defeated the army of Visigoth king Roderich. Until 716, the entire territory of the Visigoth Empire was under the control of the Umayyads, Lusitania probably as early as 713. Al-Andalus and above all the emirate, later the Caliphate of Córdoba, was partly ruled by very capable and successful rulers such as Abd ar-Rahman I, Abd ar-Rahman III. or al-Hakam II and was one of the most progressive empires of his time. The Kingdom of Asturias was of no interest to the Moors. It was from here that the Christian Reconquista of the territories of what would later become Portugal began in the 9th century. The King of León enfeoffed Henry of Burgundy with Portucale and Coimbra around 1095. A "second" county of Portucale, also known as Condado Portucalense, was created, which led directly to the establishment of the independent kingdom of Portugal. In 1580 the house of Avis died out, Portugal fell to the Spanish Habsburgs for dynastic reasons. The Spaniards ruled until 1640; Portugal lost its independence, became a Spanish province and lost parts of its colonial empire. The Spaniards ruled until 1640; Portugal lost its independence, became a Spanish province and lost parts of its colonial empire. In 1755 an earthquake destroyed large parts of the capital Lisbon. 1761 there was an attack by Spain and France on the country, Pombal wore Wilhelm Graf zu Schaumburg-Lippe the supreme command of the combined Portuguese and British troops. Wilhelm repelled the attacks and thus secured Portugal's independence. In the following years he reformed the Portuguese army profoundly and built the fortress Elvas on the Spanish border. In 1807 Napoleonic troops occupied the country; the royal family fled to Brazil. After the French had been driven out with British help, the liberal revolution broke out, and the country received a constitution for the first time in its history (1821).
Portugal is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. The pre-Celtic people, Celts, Carthaginians and Romans were followed by the invasions of the Visigoths and Suebi Germanic peoples. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India (1497–98) and the European discovery of Brazil (1500). During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castille, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil (1822), and a late industrialization compared to other European powers, erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.
Place of Publication Amsterdam
Dimensions (cm)378 x 49,5
ConditionVery good
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueCopper print

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