No. XXII / La Ilustracion Espanola y Americana. / 397

  • Translation

Article ID DAT0968


No. XXII / La Ilustracion Espanola y Americana. / 397


7 Illustration of different technologies. Such as "El Cynofero, nuevo velocipedo movido por perros." a new dog-powered vehicle; "Bathometro de Siemen." a bathometer or depth gauge; "Podometro, nuevo instrumento contador de pasos", podometro or pedometer, etc.


ca. 1880



Historical Description

In order to successfully master a craft, even in the Middle Ages not only talent and appropriate skills were required, but also a solid education. The knowledge required to practice the craft was usually imparted in the workshops. Apprentices learned from masters and journeymen who had already mastered the craft by imitating the experienced craftsmen and being corrected by them at the same time. The knowledge imparted in this way is mostly embodied and sometimes tacit knowledge that is difficult or impossible to write down. Craftsmen also exchanged knowledge while traveling or through voluntary and forced (labor) migration. Accordingly, innovation also took place through direct oral exchange and was passed on in the workshops. This system of knowledge transmission did not require writing and remained predominantly oral, although craftsmen used writing both in the workshop, for example for bookkeeping, and in the administration of guilds and in the city council.

Dimensions (cm)35,5 x 23 cm
ConditionThin spot upper right
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueWood engraving


18.00 €

( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )