Macao from Penha hill

  • Translation

Article ID ASC0393


Macao from Penha hill


Magnificent general view of the city of Macao. With figural staffage in the foreground and harbor view.


ca. 1856


Heine (1827-1885)

Peter Bernhard Wilhelm Heine, also William Heine (1827- 1885 ) was a German painter, writer and traveler. Heine studied at the Dresden Art Academy and with Julius Hübner, then went to Paris for three years for study purposes. After returning to Dresden, he worked as a theater painter and art teacher. Because of his participation in the uprisings of 1848/1849, he had to flee to New York in 1849, supported by Alexander von Humboldt, where he opened a studio on Broadway. After 1855, he published in New York his travel memoirs -Journey Around the World to Japan- (2 vols., Leipzig, 1856) -The Expedition to the Lakes of China, Japan and Okhotsk- (Leipzig, 1859) and -Japan and its Inhabitants- (Leipzig, 1860), which is also based on experiences and studies related to his trip. In 1864, Heine published his magnum opus, Eine Weltreise um die nördliche Hemisphäre in Verbindung mit der Ostasiatischen Expedition in den Jahren 1860 und 1861 (Leipzig, 2 vols.). After the American Civil War, he became U.S. consul in Paris, and later in Liverpool.

Historical Description

Macau is a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. It was a Portuguese colony until 1999. Macau's history is at least 6,000 years old. The place was originally settled by Chinese fishermen and farmers and leased to the Kingdom of Portugal in the mid-16th century. In the period that followed, the city developed into one of the most important trading centers between Asia and Europe. The trade in silk, spices and tea flourished and made Macau very prosperous. From the mid-19th century, a dispute between China and Portugal over 150 years over the political and legal status of Macau began. In 1845 Portugal unilaterally declared Macau its free port. At the same time, Great Britain annexed the island of Hong Kong, only 62 kilometers from Macau, to which Macau lost its supremacy in Asian trade. In response to international pressure, the Chinese Empire had to recognize the permanent occupation and government of Macau by Portugal in 1887. From 1892 the reformer Sun Yat-sen stayed in the city, so that Macau became one of the most important starting points of the Chinese revolution. Around this time, Macau developed into an appendage to the neighboring British colony in almost all economic areas. In contrast to Hong Kong, apart from a few temporary exceptions, the Chinese and Portuguese residents of the city lived in a symbiosis that was mutually beneficial. Negotiations about the return of the city to China, willing to compromise, took place between Portugal and the Republic of China as early as 1928, but remained unsuccessful in the course of the Chinese Civil War and the Sino-Japanese War. In 1999, Macau was reunified with China at midnight.

Dimensions (cm)16,5 x 22,5
ConditionVery good
Coloringoriginal colored


43.50 €

( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )