Le Relationi Universali die Giovanni Botero Benese Divise in quatro parti…In Venetia, Apresso Giorgio Anglelieri. 1599

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Article ID B0178


Le Relationi Universali die Giovanni Botero Benese Divise in quatro parti…In Venetia, Apresso Giorgio Anglelieri. 1599


Atlas in 4 parts and 2 volumes, each with title page and index. 4 folding maps of Europe, Asia, Africa and America. The Atlas is devided in volume I with 3 parts and volume II with 4 parts. ( Volume I includes 3 maps of ;Europe, Asian and Africa. Volume II includes the map of America). Introduction with description on 26 pages. Volume I, part 1: Map od Europe with description of the continent. Part 2: Map of Asia with description of the continent. Part 3: Africa with description of the continent. Volume II, Part 1: Map of America with description of the continent. Part 2: Description of the most impotant regions of the world, devided in size and richness of the coutries, mostly in Europe. Part 3: Description of the different regions of Asia. Part 4. Description of the most important regions of Africa. Aditional: Description of the religions of the world. Italian edition


ca. 1599


Botero (1544-1617)

Giovanni Botero (1544 – 1617) was an Italian thinker, priest, poet, and diplomat, best known for his work Della ragion di Stato (The Reason of State). Through the 1590s, Botero continued in the employ of Federico Borromeo, who would become Archbishop of Milan in 1595. Botero mixed in the high society of Rome and Milan in these years, and published another work for which he was to become quite well known, the Relazioni Universali. Released in four volumes between 1591 and 1598 (a fifth volume was finally published in the late nineteenth century), the 'relations' of the title referred to those of the universal (Catholic) church in various parts of the world, a treatise on- The Strength of all the Powers of Europe and Asia-, and even includes the Americas. The work marks the beginning of demographic studies. Finishing his employment with Federico Borromeo in 1599, Botero returned to the House of Savoy, to be tutor to three sons of Charles Emmanuel. He would tour Spain with his three charges from 1603 to 1607, no doubt associating with the closest of Philip III's advisors, from whom his ideas would be passed on to Philip IV's most trusted policy-maker, the Count-Duke of Olivares. Here is where Botero's work began to have an influence. Olivares seems to have used Botero's Reason of State to outline the strategy for preserving the Spanish Empire in his famous Memorial on the Union of Arms. There is also evidence that Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, one of the staunchest political supporters of Catholic reform and a leading figure of the Thirty Years' War, had discussed the Reason of State with his advisors. Thus, Botero's thought was able to shape at least some of the policy among the European states of the very troubled seventeenth century. Boter's work would also influence the next generation of political and economic thinkers.

Historical Description

The term Atlas goes back to Gerhard Mercator and his work Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura, published posthumously in 1595 ("Atlas or cosmographic considerations about the creation of the world and the form of it"). In the foreword, Mercator explains the naming of his work in relation to the mythical King Atlas of Mauritania, who appears to Diodorus Siculus as a wise connoisseur of the stars and their spherical shape. Atlas of Mauritania belongs to the legendary circle around the Titan Atlas. As early as 100 AD, Marinus von Tyrus introduced the grad network card. Around 50 years later, Claudius Ptolemy made a kind of atlas. The beginning of the great voyages of discovery heralded a new development in cartography. Until the 15th century, maps were based on the classic works of Ptolemy (2nd century AD) and atlases, any collection of linked maps. The first atlas, in the sense of a book that was published in a specific edition with cards of the same format that were specially designed or produced for this edition, was Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (i.e. world stage) by Abraham Ortelius (1527–1598) , 1570 appeared in Antwerp, a tome with 70 current maps, which were coordinated in terms of content. 41 editions are known, which were published in different languages until 1612. Such an atlas was that of Gerhard and Cornelis de Jode: Speculum Orbis Terrarum. The first to use Atlas as a title for a similar work was Gerhard Mercator (1512–1594, still known from the projection of the same name, 1569), who was born in Rupelmonde in Flanders and who wrote the atlas published shortly after his death, sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi and Fabricati Figura. France: The golden age is called the heyday of the 17th century in Holland. But the end of this era was also the end of the leading position of the Dutch in the field of Atlas cartography. Atlases were reissued, but not kept up to date. The dominance was taken over by France, which was then predominant in science and art. Already in 1652 Nicolas Sanson (1600–1667) and Pierre Mariette (1603–1657) published an atlas, which in 1658 was followed by the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde (Paris, 1658, with 113 cards, six more editions until 1676) which the Dutch atlases surpassed in reliability and timeliness. Triangulation has greatly improved the accuracy of the maps. A first example of this is the atlases by Nicolas de Fer (1646-1720), who wrote his Atlas curieux ou le monde dressé (Paris, 1699, 2 vols with 295 panels), based on the latest survey data from the French Académie des sciences and these Also had data checked by astronomers. The Atlas Nouveau by Guillaume Delisle (1675–1726), which appeared in Amsterdam in 1730, had 56 cards; in later editions extended to 138. Delisle maintained relationships with scholars and authorities around the world (including the Russian Tsar Peter the Great) with the intention of acquiring original templates for his cards. The famous cartographer Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697–1782) not only used up-to-date geodetic data, but also, after a critical examination, reports from explorers. His Atlas Général (1780, 46 sheets) is known. Rigobert Bonne (1727–1794), who is still famous due to the map projection named after him, made a name for himself with the Atlas modern ou collection de cartes sur toutes les parties du globe terrestre (Paris, 1771) and with Nicolas Desmarest (1725–1815) wrote a three-volume atlas for the new edition (Paris, 1787/88) published by Panckouke of the famous Encyclopédie by Diderot and d'Alembert. England: The most famous 18th century English atlases were New and Compleat Atlas (1720, 27 maps) by Herman Moll, New General Atlas (1721, 48 plates) by Senex, General Atlas (1770) and New Universal Atlas (1790) by Kitchin, General Atlas of the four grand quarters of the World (1778, later General Atlas of the World) von Faden, u. a. However, they cannot be compared to the French atlases in the same period. Germany:World map from the Atlas portatilis (1717–1780) by Melissantes and Johann Christoph Weigel. The scientific value of the atlases that appeared in Germany in the 18th century was limited. The best-known cartographer and publisher was Johann Baptist Homann (1664–1724) from Nuremberg, who published several large atlases, such as the Great Atlas of the Whole World (1716, 126 maps). His heirs expanded the publishing house with a 3-volume Atlas geographicus maior (1740), which also contained works by others. A student of Homann, Mattias Seutter (1678–1756) from Augsburg published various atlases, for example an Atlas Geographicus (1720) with 46 maps, which was published several times. In general, however, Seutter's works are not very original and mostly reproductions. The small two-part ATLAS PORTATILIS by Johann Christoph Weigel (copperplate engraver) and Johann Gottfried Gregorii alias MELISSANTES (text author) underwent several editions between 1717/1723 and 1780. The second part, called Continuirter ATLAS PORTATILIS GERMANICUS, was somewhat accurate due to the partial use of the good templates by Adam Friedrich Zürner, which also explains the decades of use of these handy pocket and school atlases. Austria: It was only in Austria at the end of the 18th century that there was talk of its own Atlas culture. The best-known works are Schrämbl's General Great Atlas (Vienna, 1786 and later, 133 maps) and probably the most name-rich Atlas of all time, the scene of the five parts of the world, published by Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly (Vienna, 1789 and later) 830 plates that were not fully finished.

Place of Publication Venice
Dimensions (cm)18,5 x 14,5 cm
ConditionBinding in hardcover with leather embossed
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueCopper print


360.00 €

( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )