Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Guineae nova descriptio

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Article ID AF007
Artist Mercator (1512-1594)
"Gerardus Mercator (1512 - 1594) He was a cartographer, philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his work in cartography, in particular the world map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. He is renowned to the present day as the cartographer who created a world map based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. In his own day he was the world's most famous geographer but in addition he had interests in theology, philosophy, history, mathematics and magnetism as well as being an accomplished engraver, calligrapher and maker of globes and scientific instruments. He wrote few books but much of his knowledge is to be found in the copious legends on his wall maps and the prefaces that he composed for his atlas ,the first in which the term ""atlas"" appears and the sections within it.
Title Guineae nova descriptio
Year ca. 1595
Description Map shows the coast of the Gulf of Guinea with Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghana with a partial map of the island of St. Thomas, three magnificent cartouches and two sailing ships.
Guinea: The land that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared its independence from France on 2 October 1958. The country is named after the Guinea region. Guinea is a traditional name for the region of Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea. It stretches north through the forested tropical regions and ends at the Sahel. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River, in contrast to the "tawny" Zenaga Berbers above it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors.
Place of Publication Antwerp
Dimensions (cm)35 x 49,5 cm
ConditionVery good
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueCopper print

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