Freyburg der fürnemmen Statt in Uchtland wahre abcontrafactur

  • Translation

Article ID EUC903


Freyburg der fürnemmen Statt in Uchtland wahre abcontrafactur


Map shows the general view of the city of Freibug in Üechtland, Switzerland. Reverse with three coat of arms and two lions.


ca. 1550


Münster (1489-1552)

Sebastian Münsters (1489-1552) is one of the famous cosmographers of the Renaissance. Its real importance in the field of cartography is based on its famous cosmography, which he published in 1544 with 24 double-sided maps (including Moscow and Transylvania). The material for this came largely from research and the collection of information from around 1528, which he initially only wanted to use for a description of Germany, but was now sufficient for a map of the entire world and ultimately led to a cosmography. He constantly tried to improve this work, i.e. to replace or add to maps. In the edition of 1550, only 14 maps were taken over from the earlier editions. The 52 maps printed in the text were also only partially based on the old maps. The great success of this cosmography was also based on the precise work of the woodcuts mostly by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Deutsch and David Kandel. It was the first scientific and at the same time generally understandable description of the knowledge of the world in German, in which the basics of history and geography, astronomy and natural sciences, regional and folklore were summarized according to the state of knowledge at that time. Cosmography is the science of describing the earth and the universe. Until the late Middle Ages, geography, geology and astronomy were also part of it. The first edition of the Cosmographia took place in 1544 in German, printed in Heinrich Petri's office in Basel. Heinrich Petri was a son from the first marriage of Münster's wife to the Basel printer Adam Petri. Over half of all editions up to 1628 were also published in German. However, the work has also been published in Latin, French, Czech and Italian. The English editions all comprised only a part of the complete work. Viktor Hantzsch identified a total of 46 editions in 1898 (German 27; Latin 8; French 3; Italian 3; Czech 1) that appeared from 1544 to 1650, while Karl Heinz Burmeister only had 36 (German 21; Latin 5; French 6; Italian 3; Czech 1) that appeared between 1544 and 1628. The first edition from 1544 was followed by the second edition in 1545, the third in 1546, the fourth edition in 1548 and the fifth edition in 1550, each supplemented by new reports and details, text images, city views and maps and revised altogether. Little has been known about who - apart from the book printers Heinrich Petri and Sebastian Henricpetri - were responsible for the new editions after Münster's death. The 1628 edition was edited and expanded by the Basel theologian Wolfgang Meyer. With Cosmographia, Sebastian Münster has published for the first time a joint work by learned historians and artists, by publishers, wood cutters and engravers. The numerous vedute are usually made as woodcuts. Sebastian Münster obtained his knowledge from the travel reports and stories of various scholars, geographers, cartographers and sea travelers. Long after his death, "Kosmographie" was still a popular work with large editions: 27 German, 8 Latin, 3 French, 4 English and even 1 Czech editions appeared. The last edition appeared in Basel in 1650.

Historical Description

Fribourg was founded in 1157 by Duke Berthold IV of Zähringen in a strategically well-protected location on a rocky promontory above the Saane and endowed with generous liberties. The Zähringers were thus able to consolidate and expand their position of power in the Swiss midlands in the area between the Aare and the Saane. From its beginnings, Fribourg formed a city state, i.e. a city dominion, to which hardly any territory from the regional hinterland belonged. When the Zähringer dynasty died out in 1218, Fribourg passed by inheritance to the Counts of Kyburg. By purchase, the city came to the House of Habsburg in 1277 for 3040 marks of silver, becoming its westernmost base in competition with the House of Savoy for power in the region, and was repeatedly involved in wars with the Dukes of Savoy and Bern. Already since the middle of the 13th century, trade and commerce flourished. The period around the middle of the 15th century was marked by various warlike conflicts. First of all, major losses were suffered in the war against Savoy. From the end of the 14th century, various rich families emerged from the cloth and leather trade, among them Gottrau, Lanthen, Affry, Diesbach. This, however, was an important reason for the decline of cloth production, because the families that had once risen through trade and commerce now increasingly took care of the town government and the administration of the acquired and from then on continuously rounded up landed property. A milestone in the city's politics was the year 1627, when the patriciate of the time declared itself the sole regent with a new constitution and thus claimed the active and passive right to vote for itself. This sealed the oligarchy with restrictive organizational structures that had already become apparent in the course of the 15th century.

Place of Publication Basle
Dimensions (cm)28 x 34 cm
ConditionRestoration at centerfold
Coloringoriginal colored


33.00 €

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