Franckfurt an der Oder anno 1548
Franckfurt an der Oder anno 1548
Map shows Frankfurt an der Oder from a bird's eye view. With magnificent title banner.
Sebastian Münsters (1489-1552) is one of the famous cosmographers of the Renaissance. Its real importance in the field of cartography is based on its famous cosmography, which he published in 1544 with 24 double-sided maps (including Moscow and Transylvania). The material for this came largely from research and the collection of information from around 1528, which he initially only wanted to use for a description of Germany, but was now sufficient for a map of the entire world and ultimately led to a cosmography. He constantly tried to improve this work, i.e. to replace or add to maps. In the edition of 1550, only 14 maps were taken over from the earlier editions. The 52 maps printed in the text were also only partially based on the old maps. The great success of this cosmography was also based on the precise work of the woodcuts mostly by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Deutsch and David Kandel. It was the first scientific and at the same time generally understandable description of the knowledge of the world in German, in which the basics of history and geography, astronomy and natural sciences, regional and folklore were summarized according to the state of knowledge at that time. Cosmography is the science of describing the earth and the universe. Until the late Middle Ages, geography, geology and astronomy were also part of it. The first edition of the Cosmographia took place in 1544 in German, printed in Heinrich Petri's office in Basel. Heinrich Petri was a son from the first marriage of Münster's wife to the Basel printer Adam Petri. Over half of all editions up to 1628 were also published in German. However, the work has also been published in Latin, French, Czech and Italian. The English editions all comprised only a part of the complete work. Viktor Hantzsch identified a total of 46 editions in 1898 (German 27; Latin 8; French 3; Italian 3; Czech 1) that appeared from 1544 to 1650, while Karl Heinz Burmeister only had 36 (German 21; Latin 5; French 6; Italian 3; Czech 1) that appeared between 1544 and 1628. The first edition from 1544 was followed by the second edition in 1545, the third in 1546, the fourth edition in 1548 and the fifth edition in 1550, each supplemented by new reports and details, text images, city views and maps and revised altogether. Little has been known about who - apart from the book printers Heinrich Petri and Sebastian Henricpetri - were responsible for the new editions after Münster's death. The 1628 edition was edited and expanded by the Basel theologian Wolfgang Meyer. With Cosmographia, Sebastian Münster has published for the first time a joint work by learned historians and artists, by publishers, wood cutters and engravers. The numerous vedute are usually made as woodcuts. Sebastian Münster obtained his knowledge from the travel reports and stories of various scholars, geographers, cartographers and sea travelers. Long after his death, "Kosmographie" was still a popular work with large editions: 27 German, 8 Latin, 3 French, 4 English and even 1 Czech editions appeared. The last edition appeared in Basel in 1650.
After 1200, a merchant settlement developed on a valley sand island on a narrow part of the Oder River, today's Frankfurt. The Schultheiss Gottfried von Herzberg negotiated with Margrave Johann I at Spandau Castle about the granting of the town charter. Margrave Johann I issued the document for the foundation of the town on Saturday, 1253. Frankfurt was mentioned as a participant in the records of the Lübeck Day Journey of 1430. Only members of the Hanseatic League were allowed to participate in the Tagfahrten - consequently, Frankfurt was a member of the Hanseatic League from that year at the latest. At the end of January 1506, teaching at the Brandenburg University of Frankfurt began with the humanistic lecture of the first "appointed" teacher Axungia. The Thirty Years' War first reached the city in April 1626, and after the Thirty Years' War ended in 1648, the university regained its importance, with 250 students enrolled that year. In 1811, the final news of the relocation of the University to Breslau reached the Frankfurt people. The reason was the University of Berlin, opened the previous year by Wilhelm von Humboldt. The Frankfurt district, formed in 1816, consisted of the city of Frankfurt as well as areas that had previously belonged to the Lebus district and the Sternberg district, including the suburbs of Carthaus, Kliestow, Booßen, Buschmühle, Lossow, Rosengarten, Schiffersruh, Tschetschnow and Ziegelei. The district administration office for the Lebus district was also located in Frankfurt.
|Place of Publication||Basle|
|Dimensions (cm)||26 x 29 cm|
( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )