Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Carte de de l isle S. Christophe

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Article ID AMW448
Artist Bellin (1703-1772)
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703 Paris -1772 Versailles) was a French cartographer, engineer-geographer, marine hydrographer. As a contributor to the Encyclopédie, he wrote more than a thousand articles on maritime topics. As a cartographer, Bellin distinguished himself primarily in the field of sea cartography. From 1721 he worked for the Dépot des Cartes et Plans de la Marine, from 1741 until his death as an engineer-hydrograph of the Navy. In 1753 his atlas Neptune français, which covered all the coasts of France, was published, and in 1756 the hydrography françoise covering all seas of the earth. In 1764 the five-volume Petit Atlas maritime was published, which Bellin prepared on the orders of the Minister of the Navy, Choiseul. In addition, he wrote a number of geographical works and with Nouvelle méthode pour apprendre la geographie (1769) a geographic textbook for teaching. His maps illustrated, among other things, Bougainville's work Voyage autour du monde, published in 1771. As a co-author of the Encyclopédie edited by Diderot and d'Alembert, Bellin wrote more than a thousand articles in the field of shipping and navy.
Title Carte de de l isle S. Christophe
Year ca. 1758
Description Map shows the Island St. Christopherus
The Caribbean reached the island around 1300. Christopher Columbus was the first European to reach the island. In 1538 Huguenots from Dieppe founded the first European settlement on the island and named them Dieppe after their hometown; This settlement was destroyed by the Spaniards after a short time. In 1623 the English established a first permanent settlement under Captain Thomas Warner, followed by a French settlement which was laid out in 1625 by Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc. In 1626 the Caribbean planned an attack on the Europeans in order to destroy them or to drive them off the island. The Europeans found out about the plan and in turn either killed the entire Caribbean or took them as slaves. In 1629 the island was conquered and sacked by a Spanish squadron under Admiral Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Mendoza during the Anglo-Spanish War from 1625 to 1630. The English and French fled - but they returned in 1631. In April 1666, the French fleet captured the island during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In June 1667 an English attempt to retake it failed. However, in the Peace of Breda, the English got the island back. The English and French alternated in the rule of St. Kitts, but it finally fell to Great Britain in the Peace of Paris in 1783. Nevis was united with St. Kitts and Anguilla with St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla in 1882.
Place of Publication Paris
Dimensions (cm)20 x 31
ConditionVery good
Coloringcolored
TechniqueCopper print

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