Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art
Asiae VIII Tab / Medius meridianus 160, ad quem applicantur reliqui iuxta rationes parallelorum 42 u 54.
|Artist||Ptolemy/ Gerhard Mercator (1512-1594)|
|Gerardus Mercator (1512 - 1594) He was a cartographer, philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his work in cartography, in particular the world map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. He is renowned to the present day as the cartographer who created a world map based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. In his own day he was the world's most famous geographer but in addition he had interests in theology, philosophy, history, mathematics and magnetism as well as being an accomplished engraver, calligrapher and maker of globes and scientific instruments. He wrote few books but much of his knowledge is to be found in the copious legends on his wall maps and the prefaces that he composed for his atlas ,the first in which the term ""atlas"" appears and the sections within it." Claudius Ptolemy ( arround 100- 160 a.C.) Geographia, gives a list of geographic coordinates of spherical longitude and latitude of almost ten thousand point locations on the earth surface, as they were known at his times. The list is organized in Tabulae which cor- respond to specific regions of the three known continents at that time, Africa, Asia and Europe. Research on Ptolemy’s Geographia has started at the University of Thessaloniki, Greece, in the eighties, focused mainly, but not exclusively, on data re- lated to territories which are now under the sovereignty of the modern Greek state. The World of Ptolemy is classified in Regions, since each Chapter is referred to one of them, giving by this way the concept of Atlas as it is understood today.|
|Title||Asiae VIII Tab / Medius meridianus 160, ad quem applicantur reliqui iuxta rationes parallelorum 42 u 54.|
Decorative map shows a part of China with Mongolia and many decorative representations as tents, hunting scene, cows etc.
The rare first issue from Mercator’s definitive edition of Ptolemy’s Geography. This map depicts the area now known as China and Mongolia. Specifically, it shows the lands of Scythia Extra Imaum and Serica. Scythia Extra Imaum refers to the territory of the nomadic Scythians to the east of the Tian Shan mountain range, and the several vignettes within the map illustrate various aspects of nomadic life. Serica was a mysterious land thought to be the source of silk: indeed, the placename literally means “the land where silk comes from.”
Meeting in this map are two of the most important figures in the history of geography. Geographic data and mapmaking instructions left by the Alexandrian, Claudius Ptolemy (fl. A.D. 127-180), became the foundation of mapmaking as we know it today. And it was Gerard Mercator (1512-1594), the great Flemish geographer, whose edition of Ptolemy was considered the most accurate. In particular, Mercator’s maps conformed more closely to Ptolemy’s original design than any of the several earlier editions. Mercator’s became the standard text, with many editions following this one as late as the 18th century.
Mercator in 1540 published Literarum latinarum, the first instructional handbook in the use of the italic hand to appear outside of Italy. It was also the first work to offer instruction in the use of italic script in the engraving of maps. The maps in Mercator’s Ptolemy are arguably the finest demonstrations Mercator provided in the use of italics. Moreover, “the beauty and legibility of the best sixteenth and severteenth-century Dutch maps can be traced in large measure to Mercator’s influence” (Karrow, p. 382).
|Place of Publication||Bruxelles|
|Dimensions (cm)||35 x 40,5 cm|
|Condition||Small tears at the margin restored, little stains and browning|
( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )