Andaluziae nova descript
Andaluziae nova descript
Map shows Andalusia
Jodocus Hondius (1563 –1612) was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century. He was born in Wakken and grew up in Ghent. In his early years he established himself as an engraver, instrument maker and globe maker. In 1584 he moved to London to escape religious difficulties in Flanders. While in England, Hondius was instrumental in publicizing the work of Francis Drake, who had made a circumnavigation of the world in the late 1570s. In particular, in 1589 Hondius produced a now famous map of the bay of New Albion, where Drake briefly established a settlement on the west coast of North America. Hondius' map was based on journal and eyewitness accounts of the trip and has long fueled speculation about the precise location of Drake's landing, which has not yet been firmly established by historians. Hondius is also thought to be the artist of several well-known portraits of Drake that are now in the National Portrait Gallery in London. In 1593 he moved to Amsterdam, where he remained until the end of his life. In co-operation with the Amsterdam publisher Cornelis Claesz. in 1604 he purchased the plates of Gerard Mercator's Atlas from Mercator's grandson. Mercator's work had languished in comparison to the rival Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Ortelius. Hondius republished Mercator's work with 36 additional maps, including several which he himself had produced. Despite the addition of his own contributions, Hondius gave Mercator full credit as the author of the work, listing himself as the publisher. Hondius' new edition of Mercator's work was a great success, selling out after a year. Hondius later published a second edition, as well as a pocket version Atlas Minor. The maps have since become known as the ""Mercator/Hondius series"" . In the French edition of the Atlas Minor we find one of the first instances of a thematic map using map symbols. This is a map entitled Designatio orbis christiani (1607) showing the dispersion of major religions. Between 1605 and 1610 he was employed by John Speed to engrave the plates for Speed's The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. Hondius died, aged 48, in Amsterdam. After his death, his publishing work in Amsterdam was continued by his widow, two sons, Jodocus II and Henricus, and son-in-law Johannes Janssonius, whose name appears on the Atlas as co-publisher after 1633. Eventually, starting with the first 1606 edition in Latin, about 50 editions of the Atlas were released in the main European languages. In the Islamic world, the atlas was partially translated by the Turkish scholar Katip Çelebi. The series is sometimes called the ""Mercator/Hondius/Janssonius"" series because of Janssonius's later contributions.
From the beginning of the 9th century BC at the latest, the Phoenicians sailed as far as the Andalusian coast, even beyond the Strait of Gibraltar, and traded with the local population. After Phoenician activities were apparently initially limited to trade and the establishment of trading posts in indigenous coastal settlements, they founded their own settlements from the 8th century BC. At the time of Roman rule in Hispania, the Andalusians quickly learned the Latin language and got along quite well with the Roman legionaries. In late antiquity, when the Western Roman Empire was showing signs of dissolution, Vandals and other Germanic tribes invaded Hispania at the beginning of the 5th century. After the middle of the 5th century, the Visigoths conquered Hispania and established their own empire with Toledo as its capital. In the 6th century, parts of Andalusia were occupied by the Eastern Romans, who, however, had to withdraw at the beginning of the 7th century. In 711 the Moors crossed the straits and within a few years conquered most of the Visigoth Empire. Of all the Spanish regions, Andalusia was under Islamic rule the longest. It reached its zenith under the Emirate of Córdoba, the Caliphate of Córdoba, and the Nasrids in the Emirate of Granada. The influences of the Muslims can be seen above all in the architecture, including the Alhambra in Granada, the Mezquita of Córdoba and the Giralda in Seville. The rule of the Moors in Spain was ended by the Reconquista (1492) in Granada. Despite all the guarantees of religious freedom granted in the Treaty of Granada (1491), the forced conversion of the Mudejares by the Catholic Church and the expropriation of Muslim religious institutions soon began (formally in 1502). The city of Seville became the maritime trade center of Spain in the 16th and 17th centuries. During this period, the port of Seville held the monopoly over overseas trade. Amerigo Vespucci and Ferdinand Magellan planned and launched their voyages of discovery here.
|Place of Publication||Amsterdam|
|Dimensions (cm)||36 x 50|
|Condition||Some restoration at centerfold|
( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )