Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Aegyptus Antiqua.

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Article ID AF0420
Artist Anville´d (1697-1782)
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (1697 –1782), was both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable. He left unknown areas of continents blank and noted doubtful information as such; compared to the lavish maps of his predecessors, his maps looked empty. His first serious map, that of Ancient Greece, was published when he was fifteen. At the age of twenty-two, he was appointed one the king's geographers, and began to attract the attention of first authorities. D'Anville's studies embraced everything of geographical nature in the world's literature, as far as he could muster it: for this purpose, he not only searched ancient and modern historians, travelers and narrators of every description, but also poets, orators and philosophers. One of his cherished subjects was to reform geography by putting an end to the blind copying of older maps, by testing the commonly accepted positions of places through a rigorous examination of all the descriptive authority, and by excluding from cartography every name inadequately supported. Vast spaces, which had before
Title Aegyptus Antiqua.
Year ca. 1816
Description
Map shows total Egypt with the red sea and the Sinai pninsula.

Egypt:
The history of Egypt has been long and rich, due to the flow of the Nile river, with its fertile banks and delta. Its rich history also comes from its native inhabitants and outside influence. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing.

The Ptolemaic Kingdom, 332 BC-641AC, was a powerful Hellenistic state extending from southern Syria in the east, to Cyrene to the west, and south to the frontier with Nubia. Alexandria became the capital city and a center of Greek culture and trade. To gain recognition by the native Egyptian populace, they named themselves as the successors to the Pharaohs. The last ruler from the Ptolemaic dynasty was Cleopatra, who committed suicide following the burial of her lover Mark Antony. The Byzantines ( 641-1882) were able to regain control of the country after a brief Persian invasion early in the 7th century, when Egypt was invaded and conquered by the Arab Islamic Empire. The final loss of Egypt was of incalculable significance to the Byzantine Empire, which had relied on Egypt for many agricultural and manufactured goods.
 
In 1517, Ottoman sultan Selim I, captured Cairo, absorbing Egypt into the Ottoman Empire, it remained Ottoman until 1867, except during French occupation from 1798 to 1801 by Napoleon Bonaparte. After 1867 , the Ottoman power in Egypt was finished and Muhammad Ali, an ambitious and able leader, established a dynasty that was to rule Egypt until the revolution of 1952.
Place of Publication London
Dimensions (cm)49 x 31,5
ConditionPerfect condition
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueSteel engraving

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