Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Xanten von der Ostseite

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Article ID EUD2901
Artist Anonymus
Title Xanten von der Ostseite
Year ca. 1790
Description Total view of the city Xanten from the east
In the years 13 and 12 BC, the Roman legionary camp Vetera was founded on the Fürstenberg near Birten. It was to serve as a starting point for campaigns into Germania on the right bank of the Rhine. The first civilian population in the Xanten area that can be documented by name were the Sugambrians, who had moved to areas on the left bank of the Rhine in 8 B.C. In 590, Gregory of Tours mentioned the In contrast to the monastery, which had long been fortified with walls and ditches, Xanten was largely unfortified, and the wooden palisades that were initially built were not able to prevent the occupation of Xanten in the Geldrischen Erbfolgekrieg in 1372. After Xanten had been pledged from 1322 to 1331 to the Counts of Kleve, who also possessed bailiwick rights over the monastery and the Fürstenberg monastery founded in 1116, Xanten in particular, along with Rees, the dominion of Linn and Rheinberg, was the cause of three wars fought at the end of the 14th century between Count Adolf I of Kleve and the Cologne bishop Friedrich III of Saarwerden, who tried to consolidate and expand his secular influence on the Lower Rhine. After the Agnetenkloster Xanten had already been founded by Franciscan nuns in 1402, the district of Marienbaum rose to become the oldest place of pilgrimage in the Lower Rhine between 1430 and 1441. In 1460, a Birgitten monastery was founded there, whose abbey church of St. Mary's Assumption serves as the parish church. With the beginning of the Soest feud in 1444, the southern part of Xanten also fell to the dukes of Cleves. In the following period, the population of Xanten decreased from 5000 at the beginning of the 16th century to about 2000 at the end of the 18th century due to several wars and crop failures. The shifting of the Rhine, on which the town had been located until then and which had been the basis of Xanten's trade, destroyed the village of Birten several times.
Dimensions (cm)40 x 52
ConditionMargins mounted
TechniqueWater color


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