Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

Quiloá, Mombazá, & Melinde.

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Article ID AF0461
Artist Münster (1489-1552)
Sebastian Münster (1488 – 1552) belongs to the very important Comographers of the Renaicance. He issued his first famous Cosmographia in 1544 with 24 double paged maps with German description of the world. It had numerous editions in different languages including Latin, French, Italian, English, and Czech. The last German edition was published in 1628, long after his death. The Cosmographia was one of the most successful and popular books of the 16th century. It passed through 24 editions in 100 years. This success was due to the notable woodcuts , some by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Deutsch, and David Kandel. It was most important in reviving geography in 16th-century Europe. His first geographic works were Germania descriptio (1530) and Mappa Europae (1536). In 1540 he published a Latin edition of Ptolemy's Geographia with illustrations. The 1550 edition contains cities, portraits, and costumes. These editions, printed in Germany, are the most valued of the Cosmographias.
Title Quiloá, Mombazá, & Melinde.
Year ca. 1550
Description
General view of the city of Mombasa on Mombasa Island in Kenya, Africa.

The area of what is now the state of Kenya was populated by early prehistoric people like Australopithecus and Kenyanthropus more than four million years ago and belongs to those regions of Africa in which the genus Homo developed. The Swahili built Mombasa into a major port city and established trade links with other nearby city-states, as well as commercial centres in Persia, Arabia, and even India.By the 15th-century, Portuguese voyager Duarte Barbosa claimed that "Mombasa is a place of great traffic and has a good harbour in which there are always moored small craft of many kinds and also great ships, both of which are bound from Sofala and others which come from Cambay and Melinde and others which sail to the island of Zanzibar." Later on in the 17th century, the Swahili coast was conquered and came under direct rule of Omani Arabs, who expanded the slave trade to meet the demands of plantations in Oman and Zanzibar.Initially, these traders came mainly from Oman, but later many came from Zanzibar. In addition, the Portuguese started buying slaves from the Omani and Zanzibari traders in response to the interruption of the transatlantic slave trade by British abolitionists. Kenya's history as a colony begins in 1885 with a German protectorate of the Witu property on the coast of the Zanzibar Sultanate. The Imperial British East Africa Company came to Kenya in 1888 and managed British East Africa until 1895. Germany handed Witu over to the British in accordance with the so-called Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty of 1890. In 1895 the British government proclaimed British East Africa to be a protectorate and in 1902 the fertile mountain country was released as a settlement colony for whites. Kenya officially became a crown colony in 1920. Kenya lived through colonial history and was in the hands of the British for a long time. The first general election was held in March 1957.
Place of Publication Basle
Dimensions (cm)27,5 x 19 cm
ConditionPerfect condition
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueWoodcut

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