Adina Sommer`s Rare Antique Maps and Contemporary Art

La Terra de Hochelaga nella Nova Francia Montereal

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Article ID AMC1437
Artist Ramusio (1485-1557)
Giovan Battista Ramusio ( 1485- 1557 ) was an Italian humanist, historian and geographer. Born in Treviso, Italy, at that time in the Republic of Venice, Ramusio was the son of Paolo Ramusio, a magistrate of the Venetian city-state. In 1505, the young Giovanni accepted a position as secretary to Alvise Mocenigo, who was then serving as the Republic's ambassador to France; he was to spend the rest of his career in Venetian service and died in Padua. He was very interested in geography and his position ensured that he received the latest discoveries from explorers all over Europe as soon as they were sent back to Venice. A learned man fluent in several languages, he began compiling these documents and translating them into Italian, which was the most widely spoken European language at the time. Although he traveled little himself, Ramusio published Navigationi et Viaggi ("Navigations and Voyages"); a collection of first-hand travel accounts by explorers. This was the first work of its kind. It included the accounts of Marco Polo, Niccolò Da Conti, Magellan, Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca and Giosafat Barbaro, as well as the Descrittione dell' Africa. The description of China contains the first mention of tea in European literature. He also published an excerpt from Tomé Pires' work on the Indies, which had fallen into his hands, although he did not know the author's name. The first volume was published in 1550, followed by the third volume in 1556. The publication of the second volume was delayed because the manuscript was destroyed in a fire before it could be sent to the printer, and was finally published in 1559, two years after the author's death. Navigationi et Viaggi was translated into several languages and reprinted several times, which shows how popular such books became on the continent.
Title La Terra de Hochelaga nella Nova Francia Montereal
Year ca. 1606
Description The Land Of Hochelaga In the New France. New France was the area colonized by France in North America, beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris (1763). Map shows the city map of Montreal with figural staffage and an index on the right. Designed by Giacomo Gastaldi, from the book "Delle Navigationi et Viaggi". Jacques Cartier, the great French explorer, visited the village of Hochelaga on the island of Montreal in 1535. The village was near a mountain the explorer named Mount Royal or Monte Real. The lodges within the fort are exceedingly symmetrical, but with each family unit indicated by a fire, they were probably intended to indicate that they were both single family and multiple family or extended family dwellings. It is not clear who the Hochelagans were, although most likely either Huron or Iriquois. The third part of Ramusio's "Delle Navigationi et Viaggi" was dedicated to America and contained stories and descriptions of Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, Fernandez de Oviedo, Cortes, Ulloa, Verrazzano and Jacques Cartier (1491-1557). This captain from Saint-Malo made three expeditions to what is now Canada between 1534 and 1541 on behalf of the French king.
The earliest evidence of human presence in what is now the province of Québec is around ten millennia ago. As early as 5000 BC The main points of cultural development at the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River can be identified (Proto-Laurentian). This developed into a large-scale regional culture known as the Middle Great Lakes-St. Lawrence culture is called. The name of the city of Montreal is derived from Mont Royal (French: "royal mountain"). It was named after Jacques Cartier, who discovered the striking range of hills on the island in 1535 and named it in honor of King François I. When the Venetian cartographer Giacomo Gastaldi made a map based on Cartier's notes in 1556 for the book series Navigationi et Viaggi published by Giovan Battista Ramusio, he gave the range of hills the name Monte Real. François de Belleforest was the first to use the name form Montréal derived from it in La Cosmographie universelle de tout le monde, his cosmography published in 1575. After the appearance of a map made by Samuel de Champlain in 1612, the name was carried over to the entire island. The first French settlement on the island, founded in 1642, was called Ville-Marie. This name was gradually supplanted by Montréal and fell out of use in the first half of the 18th century.
Place of Publication Venice
Dimensions (cm)27 x 36,5 cm
ConditionUpper external left corner perfectly restored
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueWood engraving

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