Atlas Celeste de Flamsteed, approuve par l’Academie

  • Translation

Article ID B0214

Title

Atlas Celeste de Flamsteed, approuve par l’Academie

Description

Atlas Celeste de Flamsteed. Magnificent celestial atlas with 30 double-leaf copper engraved maps. Of which 29 magnificent figurative constellations. Rare colored edition. First edition published byJean Fortin and revised by him. Compared to the first edition, it was enlarged by 3 maps, among them the star map of the southern hemisphere by N. L. de Lacaille, who, in the spirit of the Enlightenment, provided newly discovered constellations with names and symbols of technical devices and instruments.

Year

c. 1776

Artist

Flamsteed (1646-1719)

John Flamsteed (1646 - 1719 ) was an English astronomer and since 1675 the first court astronomer (Astronomer Royal) of the English royal house. When Charles II was looking for a royal astronomer, Flamsteed was suggested to him. In 1675 he was appointed by royal decree as The King's Astronomical Observator and was the first Astronomer Royal. At Flamsteed's suggestion, another royal decree in 1675 prompted the establishment of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, for which Flamsteed laid the foundation stone in August. In February 1676 he became a member of the Royal Society, and in July he moved to the observatory, where he lived until he was appointed minister of the parish of Burstow in Surrey in 1684. He exercised this profession and that of Astronomer Royal until his death in 1719. Flamsteed is also known for his quarrel with Isaac Newton, who was then president of the Royal Society. Newton tried to steal some of Flamsteed's observations and pass them off as his own, which he succeeded in doing with the help of a royal edict; Newton arranged for Flamsteed's observations to be published. He then published them without naming Flamsteed as the discoverer. Years later, Flamsteed managed to buy back most copies of the published books, and he eventually burned them publicly in front of the Royal Observatory. He collected data on some 2,800 stars visible over England, which he observed with instruments he built mostly himself, and devised a system for naming them systematically with the so-called Flamsteed numbers, which is still used today. This system first appeared in his Historia coelestis Britannica, published by Newton in 1712, but without authorization by Flamsteed. After Flamsteed's death, another edition of the Historia supplemented by Edmond Halley appeared in 1725, and the Atlas coelestis in 1729. In 1666 and 1668 Flamsteed accurately predicted solar eclipses.

Historical Description

The history of western astrology can be traced back to pre-Christian times in Babylonia or Mesopotamia and Egypt. Its basic principles of interpretation and calculation, which are still recognizable today, were learned by astrology in the Hellenistic Greek-Egyptian city of Alexandria. Astronomy emerged from it as meaningless observation and mathematical recording of the starry sky, and it remained associated with it for a long time as an auxiliary science. Astrology had an eventful history in Europe. After the elevation of Christianity to the state religion in the Roman Empire, it was partly fought, partly adapted to Christianity and temporarily pushed aside. In the course of the early Middle Ages, astrology, especially the learned astronomy-astrology, revived in the Byzantine Empire from around the late 8th century, as also somewhat later in the Muslim Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula. From the later High Middle Ages and especially in the Renaissance to the 17th century, it was widely regarded as a science in Europe, always combined with astronomy in the quadrivium of the seven liberal arts that had been taught at universities. In the course of the Enlightenment, however, it lost its plausibility in educated circles.

Place of Publication Paris
Dimensions (cm)23 x 16 cm
ConditionBinding in hardcover with leather embossed in gold
Coloringoriginal colored
TechniqueCopper print

Reproduction:

975.00 €

( A reproduction can be ordered individually on request. )